Researchers create first significant examples of optical crystallography for nanomaterials

May 19th, 2017 Engineering

Researchers have developed a novel way to determine crystal type based on optics — by identifying the unique ways in which these crystals absorb light.

Building a better ‘bot’: Artificial intelligence helps human groups

May 17th, 2017 Engineering

Artificial intelligence doesn’t have to be super-sophisticated to make a difference in people’s lives, according to a new study. Even ‘dumb AI’ can help human groups.

3-D-printed, soft, four legged robot can walk on sand and stone

May 16th, 2017 Engineering

Engineers have developed the first soft robot that is capable of walking on rough surfaces, such as sand and pebbles. The 3-D-printed, four-legged robot can climb over obstacles and walk on different terrains.

Laser printing with nanoparticles holds promise for medical research

May 15th, 2017 Engineering

Electronic devices that can not only be implanted in the human body but also completely dissolve on their own – known as “bioresorbable” electronics – are envisioned by many as one of medical technology’s next frontiers. A new study suggests that a laser printing technique using nanoparticles could help unlock a more cost-effective approach to building sturdier and safer components.

Molecular dynamics, machine learning create ‘hyper-predictive’ computer models

May 15th, 2017 Engineering

Researchers have demonstrated that molecular dynamics simulations and machine learning techniques could be integrated to create more accurate computer prediction models. These ‘hyper-predictive’ models could be used to quickly predict which new chemical compounds could be promising drug candidates.

Quantum reservoir for microwaves

May 15th, 2017 Engineering

Researchers use a mechanical micrometer-size drum cooled close to the quantum ground state to amplify microwaves in a superconducting circuit.

Stretching the limits of elastic conductors

May 15th, 2017 Engineering

A newly developed printable elastic conductor retains high conductivity even when stretched to as much as five times its original length, says a team of scientists. The new material, produced in paste-like ink form, can be printed in various patterns on textiles and rubber surfaces as stretchable wiring for wearable devices incorporating sensors, as well as give human skin-like functions to robot exteriors.

Self-healing tech charges up performance for silicon-containing battery anodes

May 15th, 2017 Engineering

Researchers have found a way to apply self-healing technology to lithium-ion batteries to make them more reliable and last longer.

New ambulatory monitoring device offers window into stomach’s bioelectrical activity

May 13th, 2017 Engineering

A first-of-its-kind portable wireless device can monitor stomach motility to enable physicians to measure and ultimately better understand gastric slow wave activity.

A few self-driving cars can dramatically improve traffic flow, Experiments show

May 13th, 2017 Engineering

The presence of just a few autonomous vehicles can eliminate the stop-and-go driving of the human drivers in traffic, along with the accident risk and fuel inefficiency it causes, according to new research. The finding indicates that self-driving cars and related technology may be even closer to revolutionizing traffic control than previously thought.

Precision control of superconductivity in atomic layers using magnetic molecules

May 13th, 2017 Engineering

A research team has succeeded in precisely controlling the transition temperature of atomic-scale-thick superconductors using magnetic organic molecules. The team also identified the control mechanism.

Water droplets as miniaturized test tubes

May 12th, 2017 Engineering

Modern laboratory technology cannot only help develop new medicine, but also make quicker diagnoses of higher precision. Scientists have now developed laboratory equipment that facilitates the search for active substances and the examination of cell samples. Thus, costs are reduced by a factor of up to one hundred.

Three-dimensional direction-dependent force measurement at the subatomic scale

May 10th, 2017 Engineering

Scientists have developed a new atomic force microscopy (AFM) technique that can measure the three-dimensional force fields of atoms. In their technique, the precisely controlled tip of a mechanical arm is moved over a material surface at two different frequencies to provide information about the material surface in both vertical and parallel directions. This AFM technique will expand understanding of the structure and physical properties of material surfaces at the subatomic scale.

3D-printed ‘bionic skin’ could give robots the sense of touch

May 10th, 2017 Engineering

Engineering researchers have developed a revolutionary process for 3D printing stretchable electronic sensory devices that could give robots the ability to feel their environment. The discovery is also a major step forward in printing electronics on real human skin.

Live interactions with robots increase their perceived human likeness

May 10th, 2017 Engineering

A recent study found that people who watched live interactions with a robot were more likely to consider the robot to have more human-like qualities.

New robotic fish for environmental monitoring

May 10th, 2017 Engineering

Researchers are developing a bio-inspired robot equipped with special chemical sensors able to detect the pH of water.

Thin-film ferroelectrics go extreme

May 10th, 2017 Engineering

Scientists have created the first-ever polarization gradient in thin-film ferroelectrics, greatly expanding the range of functional temperatures for a key material used in a variety of everyday applications. The discovery could pave the way for developing devices capable of supporting wireless communications in extreme environments.

Fabrication technology in the fourth dimension

May 10th, 2017 Engineering

Scientists use the term 4-D printing to refer to the simple production of objects that can transform their shape at different times. Researchers have now taken this approach one major step further by developing a construction principle that can produce load-bearing and predictable structures.

New cell separator with humble beginnings could revolutionize medical advances in cancer and Alzheimer’s research

May 8th, 2017 Engineering

A new cell separator that began life as a tinfoil and epoxy glue prototype built with supplies from a University shop could revolutionise stem-cell and regenerative cell-based therapies.

Bird feathers inspire researchers to produce vibrant new colors

May 8th, 2017 Engineering

A team mimics the rich color of bird plumage and demonstrates new ways to control how light interacts with materials.